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智慧型汽車侵權訴訟,Acacia 子公司American Vehicular Sciences控告歐日韓汽車大廠

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科技產業資訊室 (iKnow) - KAI 發表於 2013年3月18日

一家註冊於美國德州,名為American Vehicular Sciences LLC(以下簡稱為「AVS公司」)的責任有限公司,在2013年3月8日這一天,分別用不同的專利一口氣向美國東德州地方法院(U.S. Delaware District Court)提起六件專利侵權訴訟案。而事實上,從2012年6月開始AVS公司已向各歐日韓汽車大廠提起共計25件訴訟案,指稱被告所生產、銷售、使用的多項產品,分別侵害其所獲准的多項專利。

本案的原告American Vehicular Sciences LLC公司,是Acacia Research Group LLC的子公司。Acacia Research Group LLC是去年NPE列表中排名前十,頗有規模的非專利實施事業體(non-practisingentities,NPE)又稱專利蟑螂(patent troll)。哥倫比亞大學商學院教授雷蒙德菲什曼(Raymond Fishman),更曾經針對Acacia撰寫一篇專稿「The Troll Toll」,抨擊Acacia等專利蟑螂等濫起訴訟的行為,是扼殺創新的行為。

從AVS公司是Acacia Research Group LLC的子母關係看來,AVS公司此次的訴訟,應該是不脫離Patent Troll的本質。

AVS公司分別以不一樣的專利群組,指控汽車公司的汽車產品上不一樣的技術特徵侵害其專利:

在專利侵權案6:13-cv-00226,AVS公司係基於6,738,697、 7,630,802、7,650,210、8,036,788這四件專利,主張包括有類似AcuraLink的車輛診斷系統,以及其他類似的監測,報告和 /或控制系統的汽車產品侵害這四件專利。其中分別為:

  • 6,738,697的獲准日期為2004年5月18日,其名稱為「Telematics system for vehicle diagnostics」(遠距通訊系統的車輛診斷);
  • 7,630,802的獲准日期為2009年12月8日,其名稱為「Information management and monitoring system and method」(信息管理和監測系統和方法);
  • 7,650,210的獲准日期為2010年1月19日,其名稱為「Remote vehicle diagnostic management」(遠程車輛診斷管理);
  • 8,036,788的獲准日期為2011年10月11日,其名稱為「Vehicle diagnostic or prognostic message transmission systems and methods」(車輛的診斷或預後消息傳輸的系統和方法);

在專利侵權案6:13-cv-00227,AVS公司係基於7,413,048、7,976,060、8,235,416這三件專利,主張Honda-品牌汽車及Acura-品牌汽車侵害這三件專利。其中分別為:

  • 7,413,048的獲准日期為2008年8月19日,其名稱為「WeightMeasuringSystemsAndMethodsForVehicles」(重量測量車輛的系統和方法);
  • 7,976,060的獲准日期為2011年7月12日,其名稱為「Seat Load Or Displacement Measuring System For Occupant Restraint System Control」(用於乘員約束系統控制的座椅載荷或位移測量系統);
  • 8,235,416的獲准日期為2012年8月7日,其名稱為「Arrangement for sensing weight of an occupying item in a vehicular seat」(用於感測車輛用座椅中乘坐物之重量的設置)

而在專利侵權案6:13-cv-00228,AVS公司係基於8,041,483這件專利,主張包括有CollisionMitigation Braking System的Acura-品牌的汽車侵害這一件專利。其中8,041,483的獲准日期為2011年10月18日,其名稱為「Exterior airbag deployment techniques」(外部安全氣囊佈設技術)。

原告AVS公司主張被告在知悉侵權情事之後,仍持續其侵權行為,故被告的侵權行為,應成立為故意侵權(willful infringement)。此外並請求法院頒發永久禁制令(permanent injunction),以禁止被告的後續侵害行為。

目前,該些訴訟案件已進入美國東德州地方法院審理之中。應該會由同一位法官合一審理。(1180字;表1)

表一、專利訴訟案件基本資料:

訴訟名稱 American Vehicular Sciences LLC
v. American Honda Motor Co., Inc. et. al.
American Vehicular Sciences LLC
v. American Honda Motor Co., Inc. et. al.
American Vehicular Sciences LLC
v. American Honda Motor Co., Inc. et. al.
提告日期 2013/3/8 2013/3/8 2013/3/8
原告 American Vehicular Sciences LLC American Vehicular Sciences LLC American Vehicular Sciences LLC
被告 Honda of America Manufacturing
American Honda Motor
Honda of America Manufacturing
American Honda Motor
Honda of America Manufacturing
American Honda Motor
案號 6:13-cv-00226 6:13-cv-00227 6:13-cv-00228
訴訟法院 U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas; U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas; U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas;
系爭專利 US6,738,697
US7,630,802
US7,650,210
US8,036,788

US7,413,048
US7,976,060
US8,235,416

US8,041,483
系爭產品 vehicles that include AcuraLink
system/functionality
Honda-brandedandAcura-brandedvehicles Acura-brandedvehiclesthatinclude CollisionMitigationBrakingSystem
訴狀下載 download.gif download.gif download.gif

Source:科技政策研究與資訊中心—科技產業資訊室整理,2013/3/15

表二、專利訴訟案件基本資料:American Vehicular Sciences LLC訴訟調查

訴訟名稱 提告日期 原告 被告 案號 訴訟法院 系爭專利
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. American Honda Motor Co., Inc. et al 2013/3/8 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
Honda of America Manufacturing, Inc.
6:13-cv-00226
Texas Eastern District Court
US7,630,802
US8,036,788
US6,738,697
US7,650,210
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. American Honda Motor Co., Inc. et al 2013/3/8 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
Honda of America Manufacturing, Inc.
6:13-cv-00228-MHS-JDL
Texas Eastern District Court
US8,041,483
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. American Honda Motor Co., Inc. et al 2013/3/8 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
Honda of America Manufacturing, Inc.
6:13-cv-00227-MHS-JDL
Texas Eastern District Court
US7,413,048
US8,235,416
US7,976,060
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Subaru of America, Inc. 2013/3/8 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

Subaru of America, Inc. 6:13-cv-00229-MHS-JDL
Texas Eastern District Court
US7,413,048
US8,235,416
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Subaru of America, Inc. 2013/3/8 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

Subaru of America, Inc.

6:13-cv-00230-MHS-JDL
Texas Eastern District Court
US6,772,057
US7,359,782
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Mazda Motor of America, Inc. 2013/3/8 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

Mazda Motor of America, Inc. 6:13-cv-00231-MHS-JDL
Texas Eastern District Court
US7,413,048
US8,235,416
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Kia Motors Corporation et al 2013/2/13 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

Kia Motors Corporation
Kia Motors America, Inc
Kia Motors Manufacturing Georgia, Inc
6:13-cv-00147-MHS-JDL
Texas Eastern District Court
US8,060,282
US8,157,047
US8,229,624
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Kia Motors Corporation et al 2013/2/13 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

Kia Motors Corporation
Kia Motors America, Inc.
Kia Motors Manufacturing Georgia, Inc
6:13-cv-00148-MHS-JDL
Texas Eastern District Court
US7,082,359
US8,019,501
US6,738,697
US8,036,788
US7,650,210
US7,630,802
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Kia Motors Corporation et al 2013/2/13 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

Kia Motors Corporation
Kia Motors America, Inc.
Kia Motors Manufacturing Georgia, Inc
6:13-cv-00149-MHS-JDL
Texas Eastern District Court
US8,346,438
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Kia Motors Corporation et al 2013/2/13 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

Kia Motors Corporation
Kia Motors America, Inc.
Kia Motors Manufacturing Georgia, Inc
6:13-cv-00150-MHS-JDL
Texas Eastern District Court
US7,413,048
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Hyundai Motor Company et al 2012/10/15 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

Hyundai Motor Company
Hyundai Motor America
Hyundai Motor Manufacturing Alabama LLC
6:12-cv-00775-LED
Texas Eastern District Court
US8,060,282
US8,157,047
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Hyundai Motor Company et al 2012/10/15 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

Hyundai Motor Company
Hyundai Motor America
Hyundai Motor Manufacturing Alabama LLC
6:12-cv-00776-LED
Texas Eastern District Court
US8,036,788
US6,738,697
US6,823,244
US7,082,359
US8,019,501
US7,630,802
US7,650,210
US8,024,084
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Toyota Motor Corporation et al 2012/6/25 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

Toyota Motor Corporation
Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.,
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky, Inc.
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Indiana, Inc.
Southeast Toyota Distributors, LLC
Gulf States Toyota, Inc
Toyota Motor Sales USA Inc.
6:12-cv-00404-LED
Texas Eastern District Court
US7,650,210
US7,082,359
US6,738,697
US8,036,788
US8,157,047
US8,019,501
US8,060,282
US7,630,802
US8,024,084
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Toyota Motor Corporation et al 2012/6/25 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

Toyota Motor Corporation
Southeast Toyota Distributors, LLC
Gulf States Toyota, Inc
Toyota Motor Sales USA Inc.
6:12-cv-00405-LED
Texas Eastern District Court
US8,019,501
US8,036,788
US6,738,697
US7,630,802
US8,024,084
US7,650,210
US6,823,244
US7,082,359
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Toyota Motor Corporation et al 2012/6/25 American Vehicular Sciences LLC Toyota Motor Corporation
Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.,
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky, Inc.
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Indiana, Inc.
Southeast Toyota Distributors, LLC
Gulf States Toyota, Inc
Gentex Corporation
Toyota Motor Sales USA Inc.
6:12-cv-00406-LED Texas Eastern District Court US5,845,000
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Toyota Motor Corporation et al 2012/6/25 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

Toyota Motor Corporation
Southeast Toyota Distributors, LLC
Gulf States Toyota, Inc
Toyota Motor Sales USA Inc.
6:12-cv-00407-LED
Texas Eastern District Court US7,604,080
US6,331,014
US6,746,078
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Toyota Motor Corporation et al 2012/6/25 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

Toyota Motor Corporation
Southeast Toyota Distributors, LLC
Gulf States Toyota, Inc
Toyota Motor Sales USA Inc.
6:12-cv-00408-LED
Texas Eastern District Court
US7,126,583
US8,032,264
US7,920,102
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Toyota Motor Corporation et al 2012/6/25 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

Toyota Motor Corporation
Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky, Inc.
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Indiana, Inc.
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Texas, Inc.
Southeast Toyota Distributors, LLC
Gulf States Toyota, Inc
Toyota Motor Sales USA Inc.
6:12-cv-00409-LED
Texas Eastern District Court
US7,413,048
US7,976,060
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. Toyota Motor Corporation et al 2012/6/25 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

Toyota Motor Corporation
Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky, Inc.
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Indiana, Inc.
Southeast Toyota Distributors, LLC
Gulf States Toyota, Inc
Gentex Corporation
Toyota Motor Sales USA Inc.
6:12-cv-00410-LED
Texas Eastern District Court
US7,783,403
US6,772,057
US7,202,776
US8,041,483
US7,359,782
American Vehicular Sciences LLC v. BMW Group aka BMW AG et al 2012/6/25 American Vehicular Sciences LLC

BMW Group aka BMW AG
BMW of North America, LLC
BMW Manufacturing Co., LLC
6:12-cv-00411-LED
Texas Eastern District Court
US8,157,047
US8,060,282
US8,229,624

 


 
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