︿
Top

樹脂模板侵權3form控告家具裝潢公司Fresh Concepts

瀏覽次數:2989| 歡迎推文: facebook twitter wechat twitter twitter

科技產業資訊室 (iKnow) - SYL 發表於 2012年12月3日

2012年11月20日,設立於美國猶他州之建築材料設計與製造公司3form, Inc.(下稱3form)以及瑞士建築材料研發製造大廠Hunter Douglas Industries Switzerland GmbH(其為本案中一項系爭專利US 5,958,539之專利權人,而3form為該專利之專屬被授權人,是故就該系爭專利為兩家公司為共同原告,但本案中其他訴訟主張則均僅以3form為原告),向亞利桑那州聯邦地院提起專利侵權告訴,控告設立於亞利桑那州、為企業或醫院等單位提供家具裝潢設計解決方案的Fresh Concepts, LLC公司,其使用與販售由New GlasPro, Inc.所設計製造之多項建築用玻璃或樹脂模板產品的行為,侵犯3form所擁有之多項與建築模板相關的設計與發明專利。

其實,3form在2012年6月4日便曾向猶他州聯邦地院提告,控告New GlasPro, Inc.侵犯與本案相同之8項設計專利權利,以及發明專利US 7,504,159之權利(案號為2:12-cv-00521-EJF)。此外,本案相同原告亦在2012年11月21日向俄亥俄州南區聯邦地院提告,基於與本案同樣之事由,控告設立於俄亥俄州的建材供應商Ohio Valley Supply Company侵犯與本案相同之設計與發明專利權利(案號為1:12-cv-00903-MRB)。

本案系爭發明專利如下:

美國專利編號US 7,504,159,名稱為「具備薄或脆弱之裝飾層的樹脂模板及其製造方法(Resin-based panels having thin or brittle veneer layers and methods of making same)」,於2009年3月17日核發;

美國專利編號US 7,691,486,名稱為「具備半透明裝飾層之樹脂模板(Resin-based panels having translucent veneer layers)」,於2010年4月6日核發;

美國專利編號US7,940,459,名稱為「包含光折射薄膜層之可塑形熔接聚合物模板(Formable fused polymer panels containing light refracting films)」,於2011年5月10日核發;

美國專利編號US8,241,714,名稱為「具備嵌入在樹脂夾層中之物件的建築模板(Architectural panels with objects embedded in resin interlayer)」,於2012年8月14日核發;

美國專利編號US 8,088,457,名稱為「具備嵌入物件之建築模板(Architectural panels with embedded objects)」,於2012年1月3日核發;

美國專利編號US5,958,539,名稱為「具備嵌入在其中之織物纖維的熱塑性物件(Thermoplastic article having textile fiber fabric embedded therein)」,於1999年9月28日核發。

在本案訴狀中,3form另控告Fresh Concepts侵犯其3D註冊商標CHROMAR之商標權,並構成不公平競爭。(944字;表3)

表一、系爭發明專利之請求項解析

US 7,504,159請求項1 US 7,691,486請求項1
1. A method of manufacturing a post-formable decorative resin panel having a unitary sheet of a thin or brittle veneer layer, such that the decorative resin panel is translucent, and such that the veneer layer is not cracked, crushed, or otherwise damaged during the laminating or the thermoforming process, the method comprising:
一項製造可彎曲之裝飾用樹脂模板的方法,前述模板具備一片薄或脆弱的裝飾層,讓前述裝飾用樹脂模板變成半透明,且前述裝飾層在層壓或加熱成形之過程中不會爆裂、破碎或受損,該方法包括
1. A translucent decorative laminate resin panel (Fig.1B - 100) for use in an architectural design environment having a thin or brittle veneer layer, comprising:
一項半透明裝飾用層疊式樹脂模板,用於建築設計環境中並具備薄或脆弱之裝飾層,其包括
positioning one or more substantially translucent first resin layers (Fig.2 - 270) on a surface;
在一表面上放置一或多層之第一層半透明樹脂層
an at least partially translucent veneer layer of naturally-occurring material (Fig.1B - 109) having a thickness of between about one thirty-second of an inch ( 1/32'') and about thirty-one thirty-seconds of an inch ( 31/32'');
一至少局部半透明之天然素材裝飾層,其厚度介於1/32與31/32吋之間
positioning a unitary, translucent veneer layer of naturally-occurring material (Fig.2 - 250) about the one or more substantially translucent first resin layers;
在一或多層之第一層半透明樹脂層上放置一片單一、半透明之天然素材裝飾層
a first at least partially translucent resin layer (Fig.1B - 270) bonded to a first outer surface of the at least partially translucent veneer layer of naturally-occurring material; and
第一層至少局部半透明之樹脂層,被黏著在至少局部半透明之天然素材裝飾層的第一面外部表面上
positioning one or more substantially translucent second resin layers (Fig.2 - 230) about the at least partially translucent veneer layer, such that at least the one or more first resin layers, the one or more second resin layers, and the at least partially translucent veneer layer form a laminate assembly (Fig.2 - 200) with opposing viewable outer surfaces defined by the one or more first and second layers; and
在至少局部半透明之貼面層上放置一或多層之第二層半透明樹脂層,讓一或多層之第一層樹脂層、一或多層之第二層樹脂層以及至少局部半透明之裝飾層形成層疊組合,其相反兩面之可視外部表面為一或多層之第一層與第二層樹脂層
a second at least partially translucent resin layer (Fig.1B - 230) bonded to an opposing outer surface of the at least partially translucent veneer layer of naturally-occurring material;
第二層至少局部半透明之樹脂層,被黏著在至少局部半透明之天然素材裝飾層的反面外部表面上
fusing the laminate assembly at a low pressure, such that the one or more first and one or more second resin layers forming the viewable surfaces melt and adhere to the veneer layer in a manner that the veneer layer material and the first and second resin layers are bendable after fusing, and the resulting combination is at least partially translucent.
用低壓來熔接層疊組合,讓形成可視表面之一或多層的第一層與第二層樹脂層熔化並黏合在裝飾層上,而在熔接後裝飾層材料與第一層及第二層樹脂層為可彎曲,且產出的成品為至少局部半透明
wherein the first at least partially translucent resin layer and the second at least partially translucent resin layer form opposing viewable outer surfaces through which the at least partially translucent veneer layer of naturally-occurring material is viewable.
而第一層與第二層至少局部半透明之樹脂層形成相反兩面之可視外部表面,透過其可以看見至少局部半透明之天然素材裝飾層
pclass_12_A321a.gif
pclass_12_A321b.gif
US 7,940,459請求項1 US 8,241,714請求項1
1. A dichroic resin panel (Fig.1A – 10a) configured with sufficient aesthetic and structural properties for use as a building material in an architectural design environment, the dichroic resin panel comprising:
一項兩色性之樹脂模板,其具備充分美觀與結構特性而可以在建築設計環境中被用為建材,該兩色性之樹脂模板包括
1. A decorative architectural panelhaving decorative objects (Fig.3C - 105) embedded therein comprising:
一項裝飾用建築模板,其中嵌入裝飾物件,包括
a substantially translucent first resin substrate layer (Fig.1A – 5a) having a thickness of about 0.06 inches to about 2.0 inches;
一層半透明之第一層樹脂材質層,其厚度介於0.06至2.0吋之間
a first transparent sheet positioned opposed to a second transparent sheet (Fig.3C - 120) in a registered fashion;
第一片透明片被放置於第二片透明片之相對面
a substantially translucent second resin substrate layer (Fig.1A – 5a) having a thickness of about 0.06 inches to about 2.0 inches and that corresponds with the first resin layer;
一層半透明之第二層樹脂材質層,其厚度介於0.06至2.0吋之間,且其厚度相應於第一層樹脂材質層
a hardened resin (Fig.3C - 140) between the first and second transparent sheets; and
一硬化之樹脂層,介於第一與第二片透明片間
and one or more light refracting film layers (Fig.1A – 20) laminated between the first and second resin layers, wherein the one or more light refracting film layers conform to the first and second resin layers without material defect;
一或多層之光折射薄膜層,其位在第一層與第二層樹脂層之間,而一或多層之光折射薄膜層與第一層及第二層樹脂層相合而無材料上的缺陷
a plurality of discrete decorative objects spaced apart in the solidified resin between the first and second transparent sheets,
複數個具體裝飾物件被分散放置在、介於第一與第二片透明片間的固態化樹脂層中
wherein the combination is at least partially malleable after a lamination process.
前述組合成品在層壓程序後至少部分可彎曲
wherein:the plurality of decorative objects are fixedly arranged throughout the solidified resin, decorative objects of the plurality of decorative objects are positioned throughout the area between the peripheral edges of the first and second transparent sheets and thereby occlude the panel, and the decorative objects of the plurality of decorative objects are suspended in the solidified resin between the first and second transparent sheets.
複數裝飾物件在固態化樹脂層中被固定排列,裝飾物件被分散放置在第一與第二片透明片間閉合模板之區域內,且裝飾物件被支撐在第一與第二片透明片間的固態化樹脂層中
pclass_12_A321c.gif
pclass_12_A321d.gif
US 8,088,457請求項1 US 5,958,539請求項1
1. A decorative architectural panel having decorative objects (Fig.3C - 105) embedded therein comprising:
一項裝飾用建築模板,其中嵌入裝飾物件,包括
1. A thermoplastic article having a fabric comprised of textile fibers embedded therein obtained by applying heat and pressure to a laminate comprising,
一項熱塑性物件,其中嵌入由紡織纖維所構成之織物,並透過施加熱與壓力來層壓所產出,包括
a first transparent sheet positioned opposed to a second transparent sheet (Fig.3C - 120) in a registered fashion;
第一片透明片被放置於第二片透明片之相對面
in order, (1) an upper sheet material having a thickness of about 0.76 to 6.4 mm, (2) a fabric comprised of textile fibers selected from cotton, wool, silk, rayon, polyesters, synthetic polyamides, acrylic, modacrylic and cellulose acetate fibers, and (3) a lower sheet material having a thickness of about 0.76 to 6.4 mm;
(1)厚度介於0.76至6.4公釐之上層片面材料,(2)由從棉、羊毛、絲、人造纖維、聚脂纖維、合成聚醯胺纖維、丙烯酸纖維、變性聚丙稀睛纖維、醋酸纖維素纖維等纖維材質所選出之紡織纖維所構成的織物,(3)厚度介於0.76至6.4公釐之下層片面材料,
a cured resin (Fig.3C - 140) between the first and second transparent sheets; and
一經固化之樹脂層,介於第一與第二片透明片間
wherein the upper and lower sheet materials are formed from a copolyester having an inherent viscosity of 0.5 to 1.2 dL/g, when measured at 25.degree. C. using 0.50 grams of polymer per 100 mL of a solvent consisting of 60 weight percent phenol and 40 weight percent tetrachloroethane, comprising:
上層與下層片面材料為一異量分子聚合物,其在攝氏25度時、在以60%之石碳酸與40%之四氯乙烷所配成之溶液中、用0.50克之聚合物來測試,具備0.5 至1.2 dL/g的黏性,該片面材料包括
a plurality of discrete decorative objects spaced apart in the cured resin between the first and second transparent sheets,
複數個具體裝飾物件被分散放置在、介於第一與第二片透明片間之經固化的樹脂層中
(i) diacid residues consisting essentially of terephthalic acid residues; and
(i)本質上由對苯二甲酸殘基所構成之二酸殘基
wherein: the plurality of decorative objects are fixedly arranged throughout the cured resin, decorative objects of the plurality of decorative objects are positioned throughout the area between the peripheral edges of the first and second transparent sheets and thereby occlude the panel, and the decorative objects of the plurality of decorative objects are suspended in the cured resin between the first and second transparent sheets.
複數裝飾物件在經固化之樹脂層中被固定排列,裝飾物件被分散放置在第一與第二片透明片間閉合模板之區域內,且裝飾物件被支撐在第一與第二片透明片間之經固化的樹脂層中
(ii) diol residues consisting essentially of ethylene glycol residues and 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol residues wherein the mole ratio of ethylene glycol residues: 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol residues is about 10:90 to about 90:10.
(ii)本質上由乙二醇殘基與1,4-環己烷二甲醇殘基所構成之二醇殘基,其中乙二醇殘基與1,4-環己烷二甲醇殘基之克分子比為大約10比90到90比10
pclass_12_A321e.gif
(本專利並無圖式)

Source: 科技政策研究與資訊中心—科技產業資訊室整理,2012/12

表二、本案系爭設計專利資料摘要整理

美國專利編號 專利名稱 核發日期
US D621,068 包含茅草蘆葦設計的建築模板(Architectural panel with thatch reed design) 2010年8月3日
US D608,022 包含闊葉草與花朵的建築模板(Architectural panel with large blade grass and flower) 2010年1月12日
US D608,026 包含植物莖與葉的建築模板(Architectural panel with plant stem and leaf) 2010年1月12日
US D609,826 包含半透明木質設計的建築模板(Architectural panel with translucent wood design) 2010年2月9日
US D608,474 包含馬來扇葉椰子與蘆葦的建築模板(Architectural panel with buri palm and reed) 2010年1月19日
US D608,023 包含闊葉草與茅草蘆葦的建築模板(Architectural panel with large blade grass and thatch reed) 2010年1月12日
US D644,340 包含線狀與束狀夾層設計的建築模板(Architectural panel with line and bunch interlayer design) 2011年8月30日
US D632,811 包含織物夾層之建築模板(Architectural panel with woven textile interlayer) 2011年2月15日

Source: 科技政策研究與資訊中心—科技產業資訊室整理,2012/12

表三、專利訴訟案件基本資料:建材公司3form控告家具裝潢公司Fresh Concepts

訴訟名稱 3form Incorporated et al v. Fresh Concepts LLC
提告日期 2012年11月20日
原告 3form Incorporated
Hunter Douglas Industries Switzerland GmbH
被告 Fresh Concepts, LLC
案號 2:12-cv-02499-JWS
訴訟法院 the U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona
系爭專利 US D621,068
US D608,022
USD608,026
US D609,826
US D608,474
US D608,023
US D644,340
US D632,811
US7,504,159
US 7,691,486
US 7,940,459
US 8,241,714
US 8,088,457
US 5,958,539
訴狀下載 download.gif

Source: 科技政策研究與資訊中心—科技產業資訊室整理,2012/12


 
歡迎來粉絲團按讚!
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
【聲明】
1.科技產業資訊室刊載此文不代表同意其說法或描述,僅為提供更多訊息,也不構成任何投資建議。
2.著作權所有,非經本網站書面授權同意不得將本文以任何形式修改、複製、儲存、傳播或轉載,本中心保留一切法律追訴權利。