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MLR, LLC在美控告Acer產品侵犯無線行動通訊相關專利

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科技產業資訊室 (iKnow) - SYL 發表於 2012年7月19日

2012年7月13日,一家設立於美國維吉尼亞州、擁有無線通訊技術相關專利組合之技術研發與專利授權公司MLR, LLC (下稱MLR),向美國維吉尼亞州東區聯邦地院提起專利侵權告訴,控告台灣Acer, Inc.及其美國分公司Acer America Corp. (下稱Acer)在美國境內所販售之筆記型電腦、平板電腦等產品,其所搭載之無線通訊功能,侵犯多項MLR所擁有之無線通訊網路與行動通訊裝置相關專利。

本案系爭專利如下:

美國專利編號US 7,386,322、US 6,134,453、US 6,934,558與US 5,854,985,名稱均為「具可適性之全模式無線電裝置與通訊方法(Adaptive omni-modal radio apparatus and methods)」,分別於2008年6月10日、2000年10月17日、2005年8月23日與1998年12月29日核發,發明人為MLR之總裁Charles M. Leedom, Jr.以及Joseph B. Sainton和Eric J. Robinson兩人;

美國專利編號US 7,343,173與US 6,961,584,名稱均為「階層化、多模式無線通訊系統與方法(Tiered wireless, multi-modal access system and method)」,分別於2008年3月11日與2005年11月1日核發,發明人為Charles M. Leedom, Jr.。

MLR之靈魂人物Charles M. Leedom, Jr.擁有技術研發能力且具備律師資格。MLR以其無線通訊專利組合、過往已提起數起專利侵權告訴,例如其分別於2008年7月28日與2009年9月10日向本案同一法院提告,控告Motorola, Inc.與中國中興通訊(ZTE Corporation)侵犯其專利(案號分別為2:08-cv-00357-HCM-FBS以及1:09-cv-01023-LMB-TCB),而這兩案均以和解收場。(674字;表2)

表一、系爭專利之請求項解析

US 7,343,173 請求項1 US 7,386,322 請求項1
1. A multi-modal portable wireless access device (Fig.1 - 4) for accessing a multi-tiered wireless communication system (Fig.1 - 2) having a first tier formed with a plurality of first wireless gateways each of which operates within a first broadcast range and a second tier formed with a plurality of second wireless gateways each of which operates within a second broadcast range which is significantly greater than the first broadcast range, the first and second tiers being at least partially overlapped geographically, comprising:
一項多模式之可攜式無線通訊裝置,其用來連接多階層無線通訊系統,在前述系統中第一階層由複數個第一種無線閘道器所構成,每個第一種無線閘道器在第一種無線傳輸距離範圍中運作,而第二階層由複數個第二種無線閘道器所構成,每個第二種無線閘道器在比第一種無線傳輸距離範圍更大之第二種無線傳輸距離範圍中運作,第一與第二階層所涵蓋地理區域至少有部分重疊,前述裝置包括
1. An advanced cellular telephone for facilitating voice and data communication over a plurality of wireless communication networks, at least one of which is a Personal Communication Services network operating in the PCS frequency band using a protocol for communication that is appropriate for the PCS network and at least one additional network operating either inside or outside of the PCS frequency band using a protocol for communication that is appropriate for the one additional network, comprising
一項先進之行動電話裝置,用來促成在複數無線通訊網路上進行音訊與資料的通訊,其中至少一個網路為個人通訊服務網路(PCS)、其在PCS頻帶中運作並使用適用於PCS網路之通訊協定,以及至少一附加網路、其不一定在PCS頻帶中運作並使用適用於附加網路之通訊協定,前述行動電話裝置包括
an access device controller for providing command signals;
用來提供指令訊號之裝置控制器
a housing small enough to form a portable handset;
體積小到足以形成可攜式裝置的機殼
a memory unit, coupled to said access device controller, storing a first protocol program set and a second protocol program set, wherein the first protocol program set defines a first communication protocol and the second protocol program set defines a second communication protocol; and
連結於前述裝置控制器的記憶體單元,其儲存第一種通訊協定程式集與第二種通訊協定程式集,而第一種通訊協定程式集定義第一種通訊協定,第二種通訊協定程式集定義第二種通訊協定
an antenna (Fig.1a - 2) supported by the housing for transmitting and receiving electromagnetic energy;
受到前述機殼支撐之天線,用來傳送與接收電磁波
a frequency and protocol agile transceiver configured in response to command signals from said access device controller,
頻率與通訊協定靈敏之收發器,被架構成可回應來自前述裝置控制器的指令訊號
a display, supported by the housing, for displaying information that is visually perceptible to a user and that includes information procured, in response to a user request, from a remote computer with which the cellular telephone is linked wirelessly via one of the wireless communication networks;
受到前述機殼支撐的顯示螢幕,用來顯示可為使用者視覺辨識的資訊,其包括依使用者要求、從前述行動電話裝置透過前述無線通訊網路其中之一來進行無線連接之遠端電腦所取得之資訊
wherein said access device controller operates to provide a first command signal to the frequency and protocol agile transceiver to enable communication with a first tier wireless gateway (Fig.1 - 22) operating in accordance with the first communication protocol whenever the multi-modal wireless access device is within the broadcast range of a first tier gateway and to provide a second command signal to the frequency and protocol agile transceiver to enable communication with a second tier wireless gateway (Fig.1 - 20) of the multi-tiered communication network operating in accordance with the second communication protocol whenever the multi-modal wireless access device is outside the broadcast range of a first wireless gateway but is within the broadcast range of a second wireless gateway.
前述裝置控制器提供第一種指令訊號給頻率與通訊協定靈敏之收發器,在多模式之無線通訊裝置位在第一階層閘道器之無線傳輸距離範圍內時,促成其與以第一種通訊協定進行運作之第一階層無限閘道器進行通訊,並提供第二種指令訊號給頻率與通訊協定靈敏之收發器,在多模式之無線通訊裝置不在第一階層閘道器之無線傳輸距離範圍內、但在第二階層閘道器之無線傳輸距離範圍內時,促成其與在多階層無線通訊系統中以第二種通訊協定進行運作之第二階層無線閘道器進行通訊
a touch-sensitive device for receiving user supplied commands and data including said user requests for information; and
觸控感應裝置,用來接收使用者所供應之指令與資料,包括前述使用者之資訊要求
an omni-modal communication circuit (Fig.1A - 1) for accessing the wireless communication networks using a communications protocol appropriate to the wireless communication network accessed to establish a communication link for voice or data communication over the accessed network, the omni-modal communication circuit including
全模式通訊電路,用來與無線通訊網路進行通訊,其使用適用於所進行通訊之無線通訊網路的通訊協定來建立、在該通訊網路上進行音訊與資料通訊之通訊連結,前述全模式通訊電路包括
a transceiver (Fig.1A - 4), electrically connected to the antenna, for sending and receiving radio frequency voice signals and data signals,
連接於前述天線之收發器,用來收發無線電頻率之音訊與資料訊號
digital modulator circuitry (Fig.1A - 24) for modulating digital voice signals and digital data signals onto a carrier for transmitting by the transceiver in accordance with a communications protocol compatible with the PCS communication network when accessed and in accordance with a communications protocol compatible with the one additional network when accessed,
數位調變器電路,用來調變數位音訊與資料訊號到一載波上讓前述收發器傳輸,其在與PCS通訊網路進行通訊時依據適用於PCS通訊網路之通訊協定進行傳輸,而在與附加通訊網路進行通訊時依據適用於附加通訊網路之通訊協定進行傳輸
digital demodulator circuitry (Fig.1A - 20) for demodulating digital voice signals and digital data signals from radio frequency signals received by the transmitter in accordance with the communications protocol compatible with the PCS communication network when accessed and in accordance with the communications protocol compatible with the one additional network when accessed,
數位解調器電路,用來將由前述收發器所接收之無線電頻率訊號解調成數位音訊訊號與數位資料訊號,其在與PCS通訊網路進行通訊時依據適用於PCS通訊網路之通訊協定來運作,而在與附加通訊網路進行通訊時依據適用於附加通訊網路之通訊協定來運作
memory (Fig.1B - 112) for storing an operating program and data including network information, telephone numbers and text messages, and
用來儲存操作程式與資料、包括網路資訊、電話號碼與文字簡訊等的記憶體
a processor (Fig.1B - 110) for setting up appropriate cross connections between the display, memory, touch-sensitive device, digital modulator circuitry and digital demodulator circuitry and transceiver to cause the transceiver to access the plurality of wireless communication networks, one or more at a time, including the PCS network and the one additional network, for sending and receiving both voice signals and data signals over the accessed network and to receive user commands, to provide information to the display, to carry out arithmetic calculations, to request information from remote computers and to retrieve data from memory;
處理器,用來建立顯示螢幕、記憶體、觸控感應裝置、數位調變器電路、數位解調器電路、收發器間的互連,讓收發器可以同時透過複數無線通訊網路中一個或多個網路進行通訊,其中包括PCS網路與附加網路,以透過通訊網路傳送與接收音訊與資料訊號,並接收使用者指令,供應資訊至顯示螢幕,進行數學運算、向遠端電腦要求資訊,以及從記憶體中取得資料
wherein the functions of information retrieval from remote computers, data processing and placing or receiving telephone calls may be carried out by selective access, under the control of the processor, to the plurality of wireless communication networks including the PCS network and the one additional network through operation of the omni-modal communication circuit.
從遠端電腦取得資訊、資料處理、撥打或接聽電話等功能,可以在處理器之控制下,透過全模式通訊電路之運作,選擇性使用複數無線通訊網路,包括PCS網路與附加網路
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US 6,134,453 請求項1 US 6,934,558 請求項1
1. A multi-modal device for facilitating wireless communication over any one of a plurality of wireless communication networks at least some of which may be available and operating at a given time and location using differing radio frequency modulation protocols and over differing radio frequencies, comprising:
一項多模式裝置,用來促成透過至少有部分可用之複數無線通訊網路中任一網路進行無線通訊,並在特定時間地點使用不同無線電頻率調變之通訊協定以及以不同無線電頻率來運作,前述裝置包括
1. A multi-modal device for facilitating wireless communication over any one of a plurality of wireless communication networks at least some of which may be available and operating at a given time and location using differing radio frequency modulation protocols and over differing radio frequencies, comprising
一項多模式裝置,用來促成透過至少有部分可用之複數無線通訊網路中任一網路進行無線通訊,並在特定時間地點使用不同無線電頻率調變之通訊協定以及以不同無線電頻率來運作,前述裝置包括
a frequency agile radio transceiver (Fig.1A - 2) operating at any frequency of a plurality of radio frequencies appropriate for each of the plurality of wireless communication networks, said frequency selected in response to a frequency control signal;
頻率靈敏之無線電收發器,以適用於複數無線通訊網路之複數無線電頻率中任一頻率來運作,前述頻率之選擇是回應頻率控制訊號
a frequency agile radio transceiver (Fig.1A - 2) capable of operating at any frequency or frequencies appropriate for each of the plurality of wireless communication networks, said frequency or frequencies selected in response to a frequency control signal;
頻率靈敏之無線電收發器,可以以適用於複數無線通訊網路之複數無線電頻率中任一個或多個頻率來運作,前述一個或多個頻率之選擇是回應頻率控制訊號
an interface circuit (Fig.1A - 4) for interconnecting said frequency agile radio transceiver with an external signal circuit to allow signal information to be sent and received over said frequency agile radio transceiver;
介面電路,用來將前述頻率靈敏之無線電收發器連接上外部訊號電路,讓訊號資訊可以透過前述頻率靈敏之無線電收發器來進行傳送與接收
an interface circuit (Fig.1A - 4) for interconnecting said frequency agile radio transceiver with an external signal circuit to allow signal information to be sent and received over said frequency agile radio transceiver;
介面電路,用來將前述頻率靈敏之無線電收發器連接上外部訊號電路,讓訊號資訊可以透過前述頻率靈敏之無線電收發器來進行傳送與接收
a protocol agile operating circuit (Fig.1A – 38 & 40) for operating said frequency agile radio transceiver and said interface circuit in accordance with any one modulation protocol of a plurality of modulation protocols, said one modulation protocol selected in response to a protocol control signal;
通訊協定靈敏之操作電路,用以依據複數之頻率調變的通訊協定中任一協定,來操作前述頻率靈敏之無線電收發器以及前述介面電路,前述頻率調變之通訊協定的選擇是回應通訊協定控制訊號
a protocol agile operating circuit (Fig.1A – 38 & 40) for operating said frequency agile radio transceiver and said interface circuit in accordance with any one modulation protocol of a plurality of modulation protocols, said one modulation protocol selected in response to a protocol control signal;
通訊協定靈敏之操作電路,用以依據複數之頻率調變的通訊協定中任一協定,來操作前述頻率靈敏之無線電收發器以及前述介面電路,前述頻率調變之通訊協定的選擇是回應通訊協定控制訊號
adaptive control circuit for determining which wireless communications networks are available at a given location and time, for accessing a selected wireless communication network, for communicating with said selected wireless communication network to determine on a real time basis the operating characteristics of the wireless communication network, and for generating the frequency control signal and the protocol control signal in response to a user defined criteria to cause the device to communicate with the selected wireless communication network using the frequencies and modulation protocol suitable for transmission of said signal information over said selected wireless communications network; and
可適性控制電路,用以決定在特定時間地點可用之無線通訊網路,並利用其所選擇之無線通訊網路,與前述所選擇之無線通訊網路進行通訊以即時決定該網路的運作特性,進而回應使用者定義標準來產生頻率控制訊號與通訊協定控制訊號、以致使前述裝置使用適用於透過前述所選擇之無線通訊網路來傳輸前述訊號資訊的頻率與調變通訊協定,與所選擇之無線通訊網路進行通訊
adaptive control circuit for determining which wireless communications networks are available at a given location and time, for accessing a selected wireless communication network, and for generating the frequency control signal and the protocol control signal in response to a user defined individual priority to cause the device to communicate with the selected wireless communication network using the frequencies and modulation protocol suitable for transmission of said signal information over said selected wireless communication network; and
可適性控制電路,用以決定在特定時間地點可用之無線通訊網路,並利用其所選擇之無線通訊網路,回應使用者定義之個人優先順位來產生頻率控制訊號與通訊協定控制訊號、以致使前述裝置使用適用於透過前述所選擇之無線通訊網路來傳輸前述訊號資訊的頻率與調變通訊協定,與所選擇之無線通訊網路進行通訊
input means for receiving said user defined criteria, said user defined criteria comprising at least one of the cost of using the wireless communication network, the quality of the wireless communication network, the potential for being dropped by the wireless communication network, and the security of the wireless communication network;
用來接收前述使用者定義標準之輸入工具,前述使用者定義標準由使用無線通訊網路之成本、無線通訊網路之品質、與無線通訊網路通訊中斷之可能性、無線通訊網路之安全性等所組成
input means for receiving and storing the user defined individual priority for selecting among the plurality of wireless communication networks and for allowing subsequent changes by the user of the stored user defined individual priority whenever desired by the user, said user defined individual priority defining which one of the wireless communication networks is accessed among the wireless communication networks that are determined by said adaptive control circuit to be available;
輸入工具,用來接收與儲存使用者定義之個人優先順位,該優先順位被用來從複數無線通訊網路中進行選擇,同時允許使用者隨時依其意願進行使用者定義之個人優先順位的後續變更,前述使用者定義之個人優先順位決定前述可適性控制電路所決定之可用無線通訊網路中何者應被使用
wherein said adaptive control means operates to generate said frequency control signal and said modulation protocol control signal by comparing said operating characteristics with said user defined criteria.
前述可適性控制工具透過比對前述網路運作特性與前述使用者定義標準,來產生前述頻率控制訊號與前述通訊協定控制訊號
wherein said adaptive control circuit operates to generate said frequency control signal and said protocol control signal appropriate for the wireless communication network that is determined by said adaptive control means to be available and satisfies said user defined individual priority.
前述可適性控制電路產生前述頻率控制訊號與前述通訊協定控制訊號,其適用於前述可適性控制工具決定為可用且滿足前述使用者定義之個人優先順位的無線通訊網路
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US 6,961,584 請求項1 US 5,854,985 請求項1
1. A communication system (Fig.1 - 2) for integrating a plurality of wireless communication networks capable of independent operation to form an integrated communication grid whose overall capacity to handle demand for service is maximized by coordinated control of access, comprising
一項用來整合可個別獨立運作之複數無線通訊網路的通訊系統,藉以形成整合性通訊架構,並透過協調控制其使用最大化其處理服務要求之整體功能,該系統包括
1. A multi-modal device for facilitating wireless communication over any one of a plurality of wireless communication networks at least some of which may be available and operating at a given time and location using differing radio frequency modulation protocols and over differing radio frequencies, comprising:
一項多模式裝置,用來促成透過至少有部分可用之複數無線通訊網路中任一網路進行無線通訊,並在特定時間地點使用不同無線電頻率調變之通訊協定以及以不同無線電頻率來運作,前述裝置包括
a. a plurality of wireless communication networks (Fig.1 – Tier 1-4) providing service to users in overlapping geographic areas, said wireless communication networks using different communication modes and operating at different broadcast strengths to form different tiers of successively greater effective broadcast areas to serve ever greater geoaraghic areas with the first tier having the greatest geographic broadcast area and the last tier having the smallest broadast area,
複數無線通訊網路,其在重疊之地理區域中提供服務給使用者,前述無線通訊網路使用不同通訊模式並在不同廣播訊號強度下運作,藉以形成不同階層接續之更廣大的有效廣播區域,進而服務更廣大的地理區域,而其中最後之階層涵蓋最小的廣播區域
a frequency agile radio transceiver (Fig.1A - 2) operating at any one frequency of a plurality of radio frequencies appropriate for each of the plurality of wireless communication networks, said one frequency selected in response to a frequency control signal,
頻率靈敏之無線電收發器,可以以適用於複數無線通訊網路之複數無線電頻率中任一頻率來運作,前述頻率之選擇是回應頻率控制訊號
b. a plurality of portable wireless, multi-modal access devices (Fig.1 - 4), each said access device being capable of operating in at least some of the plurality of communication modes compatible with said communication networks and being capable of establishing a communication session over a first communication link using any one of said communication networks while operating in a compatible communication mode, and
複數可攜式無線、多模式通訊裝置,每個前述通訊裝置可以以至少部分適用於複數無線通訊網路之通訊模式來運作,並可以在使用任一前述通訊網路所為之第一個通訊連接上建立一通訊作業階段,且以可適用之通訊模式來運作
a digital interface circuit (Fig.1A - 4) for interconnecting said frequency agile radio transceiver with external digital signal processing devices to allow digital signal information to be sent and received over said frequency agile radio transceiver,
數位介面電路,用來將前述頻率靈敏之無線電收發器連接上外部數位訊號處理裝置,讓數位訊號資訊可以透過前述頻率靈敏之無線電收發器來進行傳送與接收
c. a system for coordinating requests for service by said access devices to cause wireless communication links to be established, respectively, using the communication network that has the capability of providing the services requested and that is within the tier serving the smallest possible geographic broadcast area thereby to use more efficiently the available radio spectrum by driving users to the networks serving the smallest broadcast areas.
用來協調前述通訊裝置建立無線通訊連接之服務要求的系統,個別服務使用可提供所要求之服務並位於涵蓋最小地理區域範圍之階層的通訊網路,因而透過讓使用者利用涵蓋最小地理區域之網路來達到無線電頻譜的更有效利用
protocol agile operating circuit means (Fig.1A – 38 & 40) for operating said frequency agile radio transceiver and said digital interface circuit in accordance with any one modulation protocol of a plurality of modulation protocols, said one modulation protocol selected in response to a protocol control signal,
通訊協定靈敏之操作電路工具,用以依據複數之頻率調變的通訊協定中任一協定,來操作前述頻率靈敏之無線電收發器以及前述數位介面電路,前述通訊協定的選擇是回應通訊協定控制訊號
adaptive control means for determining which wireless communications networks are available at a given location and time, for accessing a selected wireless communication network, for communicating with said selected wireless communication network to determine on a real time basis the operating characteristics of the wireless communication network, and for generating the frequency control signal and the protocol control signal in response to a user defined criteria to cause the device to communicate with the selected wireless communication network using a frequency and modulation protocol suitable for transmission of said digital signal information over said selected wireless communications network, and
可適性控制工具,用以決定在特定時間地點可用之無線通訊網路,並利用其所選擇之無線通訊網路,與前述所選擇之無線通訊網路進行通訊以即時決定該網路的運作特性,進而回應使用者定義標準來產生頻率控制訊號與通訊協定控制訊號、以致使前述裝置使用適用於透過前述所選擇之無線通訊網路來傳輸前述訊號資訊的頻率與調變通訊協定,與所選擇之無線通訊網路進行通訊
input means for receiving said user defined criteria, said user defined criteria comprising at least one of the cost of using the wireless communication network, the quality of the wireless communication network, the potential for being dropped by the wireless communication network, and the security of the wireless communication network;
用來接收前述使用者定義標準之輸入工具,前述使用者定義標準由使用無線通訊網路之成本、無線通訊網路之品質、與無線通訊網路通訊中斷之可能性、無線通訊網路之安全性等所組成
wherein said adaptive control means operates to generate said frequency control signal and said modulation protocol control signal by comparing said operating characteristics with said user defined criteria.
前述可適性控制工具透過比對前述網路運作特性與前述使用者定義標準,來產生前述頻率控制訊號與前述通訊協定控制訊號
pclass_12_A194_e.gif
pclass_12_A194_f.gif

Source: 科技政策研究與資訊中心—科技產業資訊室整理,2012/07

表二、專利訴訟案件基本資料:MLR控告Acer

訴訟名稱 MLR, LLC v. Acer, Inc. et. al. MLR, LLC v. Asustek Computer Inc. et al
提告日期 2012年7月13日 2013/5/3
原告 MLR, LLC MLR, LLC
被告 Acer, Inc.
Acer America Corp.
Asustek Computer Inc.
Asus Computer International, Inc.
案號 1:12-cv-00784-GBL-TCB 1:13-cv-00559-GBL-TCB
訴訟法院 the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia Virginia Eastern District Court
系爭專利 US7,343,173
US7,386,322
US6,134,453
US6,934,558
US6,961,584
US5,854,985
US7,343,173
US7,386,322
US6,134,453
US6,934,558
US6,961,584
US5,854,985
US5,353,334
US5,640,444
USRE38,645
訴狀下載 download.gif download.gif

Source: 科技政策研究與資訊中心—科技產業資訊室整理,2012/07


 
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