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Intellectual Ventures展開侵權告訴,指控九家ICT廠商侵權

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科技產業資訊室 (iKnow) - Philip C.F. Wen 發表於 2010年12月9日

向來不主動出面提告的專利管理公司Intellectual Ventures (以下稱IV),在2010年12月8日展開了第一波的侵權控訴,分成三件訴訟案針對三個ICT技術領域(資訊安全、DRAM、FPGA)共計九家科技公 司,提出專利侵權訴訟。全部皆於達拉威爾地方法院(District Court of Delaware)負責調查審理。

本三案被告的九家公司為Check Point Software、McAfee、賽門鐵克(Symantec)、趨勢科技(Trend Micro)、爾必達半導體(Elpida)、海力士半導體(Hynix)、亞爾特拉(Altera)、Lattice以及最近被阿爾卡特 (Alcatel)併購的Microsemi。

根據IV訴狀指出,資訊安全為主的廠商,包括:McAfee、賽門鐵克、 Check Point與趨勢科技,涉嫌侵犯了其在資訊安全領域的專利技術。其中,McAfee剛被英特爾(Intel)併購,而賽門鐵克與趨勢科技為世界頂尖的資訊 安全與電腦防毒公司,故這項侵權訴訟確實引人側目。

而IV也指出全球動態隨機存取記憶體(DRAM)大廠海力士與爾必達半導 體,涉嫌侵犯了其DRAM技術專利。 還有,以FPGA技術為主的廠商,包括:Altera、Lattice與Microsemi,涉嫌侵犯了元件可編成邏輯閘陣列(Field Programmable Gate Array, FPGA)技術。

Intellectual Ventures於2000年成立,由微軟的前策略長與技術長Nathan Myhrvold設立,是家”純發明(pure invention)”的專利組合管理公司。Intellectual Ventures擁有許多的專利人員、物理學家、工程師以及生物學家,就相關領域來研究並註冊或是收購有價值的專利,宣稱每年可以取得(收購)約450個 專利,跨越各種領域。Intellectual Ventures對於收購專利都採取機密的方式進行。據查所收購對象不乏頂尖公司,有:貝爾通訊研究公司(Bell Communications Research Inc.)的Telcordia或是Transmeta (核心技術是低電壓CPU)等。

前不久,2010年11月18及23日三星電子與宏達電分別宣布與 Intellectual Ventures,簽訂一種長期性專利授權協定(License Agreement),取得Intellectual Ventures廣泛的專利組合,包括各種關鍵的IP授權。

針對本次三案的九家被告,IV首席法務長Melissa Finocchio表示,過去一年裡,IV與世界頂尖的科技廠陸續達成專利授權,然而有些公司則選擇逃避與忽視的態度,拒絕與IV展開協商與討論空間,故而選擇走上法院之途來解決。(734字;表1)

表一、專利訴訟案件基本資料:IV控告9家廠商


訴訟名稱

Intelectual Ventures LLC v. Check Point Software Technologies, Ltd. et al

Intellectual Ventures LLC v. Elpida Memory, Inc. Hynix Semiconductor, Inc.

Intellectual Ventures LLC v. Altera Corporation et al

提告日期

2010年12月8日

2010年12月8日

2010年12月8日

原告

Intellectual Ventures LLC

Intellectual Ventures I LLC
Intellectual Ventures II LLC

Intellectual Ventures I LLC

被告

Check Point Software Technologies, Ltd.
McAfee, Inc.
Symantec Corp
Trend Micro Incorp (趨勢科技;台灣)

Elpida Memory, Inc
Elpida Memory (USA) Inc
Hynix Semiconductor, Inc.
Hynix Semiconductor America Inc.

Altera Corp
Lattice Semiconductor Corp
Microsemi Corp

案號

1:10-cv-01067-UNA

1:10-cv-01066-UNA

1:10-cv-01065-UNA

訴訟法院

District Court of Delaware

District Court of Delaware

District Court of Delaware

系爭專利

US5,987,610;US6,073,142;US6,460,050;US7,506,155;

US6,373,753;US6,462,998;US6,455,937;US7,444,563;US5,581,513;US5,598,374;US5,583,822

US5,675,808;US6,993,669;US5,687,325;US6,260,087;US6,272,646

訴訟類型

專利侵權

專利侵權

專利侵權

訴狀下載

Source:科技政策研究與資訊中心—科技產業資訊室整理,2010/12

訴訟大事紀

2013

01-18Intellectual Ventures告Check Point Software等公司案,法官作出4件系爭專利權利項語句解釋

原告: Intellectual Ventures

2012年12月12日Intellectual Ventures告Check Point Software等公司案,法官作出4件系爭專利權利項語句解釋(Claim Construction)命令,有US6,460,050、US6,073,142、US5,987,610、及US7,506,155。

Claim語句: an indication of the characteristic
解釋:a descriptor of the content (e.g., spam, virus, junk email, copyrighted)
系爭專利:6,460,050

Claim語句: an organizational hierarchy of a business, the hierarchy including a plurality of roles, each role associated with a user
解釋:a business`s rankings of its roles, containing multiple levels and each level comprising at least one organization role to which at least one individual is assigned
系爭專利:6,073,142

Claim語句: automatically reviewing the [email message/data object] after a specified time interval to determine an action to be applied
解釋:computer determination of an action to be applied to [the email message/data object] after a specified period of time
系爭專利:6,073,142

Claim語句: characterizing the files on the server system based on said digital content identifiers received relative to other digital identifiers collected in the database
解釋:classifying the files on the server system by comparing their digital content identifiers to other digital identifiers collected in the database
系爭專利:6,460,050

Claim語句: [combines/combining] the [email message/data object] with a new distribution list ... and a rule history ...
解釋:combining the e-mail message [or data object], a new distribution list, and a rule history, for delivery together, where a rule history identifies each of the [at least one] business rule( s) whose antecedent condition was satisfied by the e-mail message [or data object]
系爭專利:6,073,142

Claim語句: converting ... from an executable format to a non-executable format
解釋:transforming the executable code into a version that cannot open any processes or applications
系爭專利:7,506,155

Claim語句: database of business rules/business rules
解釋:storage of statements that each specify one or more antecedent condition(s) and the consequent action(s) to be applied when the specified antecedent condition(s) are satisfied; ultimately only a single consequence results for each business rule
系爭專利:6,073,142

Claim語句: data file(s)
解釋:a collection of any type of text or binary data that retains cohesion when presented to a user
系爭專利:6,460,050

Claim語句: deactivating the hypertext link
解釋:rendering the hypertext link inoperable as an executable link to the specified URL, while leaving alphanumeric text that is identifiable as a hypertext link
系爭專利:7,506,155

Claim語句: determining ... whether each received content identifier matches a characteristic of other identifiers
解釋:determining ... whether each received content identifier has the same characteristic as other content identifiers
系爭專利:6,460,050

Claim語句: digital content identifier created using a mathematical algorithm unique to the message content
解釋:a digital content identifier (defined above) created using a mathematical algorithm; the identifier being particular to the message content (e.g., every time the same algorithm is run on the same content the same value results)
系爭專利:6,460,050

Claim語句: file content identifier/file .content ID/digital content identifier/digital content ID
解釋:A digital content identifier reflecting at least a portion of the content of a data file, but not constituting merely an excised portion of that data file. For clarity, an excised portion of the content of a data file that has been encoded and/or compressed for transmission is not a [file content identifier/file content ID/digital content identifier/digital content ID]. However, the presence of an excised portion of a data file (whether encoded, compressed or otherwise) does not prevent something other than that excised portion from being classified as a [file content identifier/file content ID/digital content identifier/digital content ID].
系爭專利:6,460,050

Claim語句: file content identifier generator agent(s)
解釋:software running on a computer that creates and transmits file content identifiers to a second tier system
系爭專利:6,460,050

Claim語句: forwarding the non-executable format
解釋:forwarding the version that cannot open any processes or applications
系爭專利:7,506,155

Claim語句: identification code
解釋:a set of symbols that identify
系爭專利:5,987,610

Claim語句: identify the existence or absence of said characteristic
解釋:identify whether or not the message is of a certain type or classification
系爭專利:6,460,050

Claim語句: indicating the presence or absence of a characteristic
解釋:indicating the presence or absence of a characteristic (e.g., spam, virus, copyright, bulk email)
系爭專利:6,460,050

Claim語句: persistently storing
解釋:storing for extended periods of time (for example, hours or days as opposed to seconds)
系爭專利:6,073,142

Claim語句: primary message store ... for receiving and non-persistently storing e-mail messages
解釋:普通意義
系爭專利:6,073,142

Claim語句: retains an appearance, human readability, and semantic content of the e-mail message
解釋:retains substantially the same appearance, human readability, and semantic content of the emailmessage, such that all or substantially allalphanumeric text in the email message remainshuman readable
系爭專利:7,506,155

Claim語句: routing a call between a calling party and a called party of a telephone network
解釋:transmitting a voice or data transmission between a party initiating a voice or data transmission and a party receiving a voice or data transmission
系爭專利:5,987,610

Claim語句: rule engine
解釋:a mechanism that applies the business rules, in order to determine a set of actions (one or more) to be applied
系爭專利:6,073,142

Claim語句: secondary message store ... for receiving there from, and persistently storing an e-mail message
解釋:普通意義
系爭專利:6,073,142

Claim語句: within the telephone network
解釋:in the voice or data network connecting the calling party and called party, exclusive of the networks and gateway nodes of the called party and calling party
系爭專利:5,987,610


2016

10-14美國CAFC上訴法院確定Intellectual Ventures專利無效 趨勢科技勝訴

原告: IV v. 趨勢科技

專利授權公司Intellectual Ventures控告趨勢科技案件[1:10-cv-01067],上訴至CAFC之後,維持一審地院判決:IV兩件專利無效。
 
本案在美國德拉瓦州(Delaware)地方法院判決IV的主張無效之後,IV旋即上訴至聯邦巡迴上訴法院,現在再次確定地方法院當初的判決。
 
趨勢科技執行長陳怡樺表示:由於IV兩項專利太過籠統或抽象而包山包海或無實質內涵,顯而易見而籠統的概念不應該可被專利:

  1. IV原先控告趨勢科技侵犯了美國第6,460,050('050)號和第6,073,142('142)號專利,並要求趨勢支付1.5億美元。
  2. IV還主張另外兩項專利,但趨勢科技在之前已經讓IV撤回了該兩項專利主張,原因很可能是IV認為自己並未受到侵權,或者專利無效。事實上,IV在上述專利無效主張尚未判決之前,就已撤回其中一個專利。
德拉瓦州法院宣判該公司主張的其餘兩項專利:'050和'142皆為不可被專利之事物。第'050號專利描述的是藉由一種過濾方法來為電子郵件產生一個數位識別碼。第'142號專利描述的是藉由一種「自動化郵局」來分析和過濾被檢驗機制判定為不安全的電子郵件。



 
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