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影音光碟播放裝置專利訴訟 Motile Optics控告三星、LG等公司

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科技產業資訊室 (iKnow) - 朱子亮 發表於 2015年12月10日

2015年11月27日及30日,設立於美國德州之專利授權公司Motile Optics宣稱持有美國第6,047,223號專利(簡稱’223號專利,見表一整理),於美國德州東區聯邦地方法院,分別向日本JVC、Toshiba、Pioneer、Panasonic、韓國LG、Samsung等多家數位影音播放裝置製造大廠發起共33件專利侵權訴訟(各案資訊見表二整理),指控此些廠商所生產販售之CD、DVD及藍光(blue-ray)光碟數位媒體撥放裝置(系爭產品型號見表三整理),至少侵害前述專利請求項1之所述要件,並要求不少於該項專利授權合理權利金數額之侵權賠償以及依據專利法284條之訴訟相關費用等救濟。本案目前仍處於訴訟初期階段,各案被告尚未就原告訴狀之侵權指控提交回應書。

圖一、影音光碟播放裝置專利訴訟 Motile Optics控告三星、LG等公司

‘223專利名稱為「具磁光資料讀取裝置單元之電子計算機」(“Electronic computer having a magneto-optic unit”),發明人為義大利籍人士Gabriele Sartori,目前專利權人則為義大利公司Olivetti S.p.A’223專利所主張之發明,為一具有可讀取磁光光碟所儲存數位多媒體資料之光碟機裝置(CD-ROM)之電子裝置或電腦,該電子裝置具有操作簡易、可連結至電視及錄影機等播放裝置使用、高度應用彈性、高效能及顯著升級空間等頗類似個人電腦之特徵。‘223專利僅有7個請求項,其中請求項1為獨立項,其餘皆為附屬項。

原告主張,由於作為系爭產品之數位媒體播放裝置中,皆包含一中央處理器、用於存儲資料檔案之記憶體,以及一可讀取光碟資料之光碟機,故至少實施並侵害請求項1。

依據美國專利商標局資料庫顯示,Motile Optics公司並未實質持有’223專利,故推測應為該專利權人Olivetti S.p.A委託Motile Optics於美國針對美日韓等多家數位影音播放裝置產品製造商來發起侵權訴訟。

Motile Optics公司2015921日於美國德州註冊之新公司,公司所有人為美國執業律師Nicolas J. Labbit,組織介紹及主要業務活動等資訊皆無從查證。

Motile Optics公司所有人Nicolas J. Labbit20152月至10月之間,在美國德州共註冊高達12家新公司,而其中9家公司皆於註冊後不久即就近於E. Texas D Court發起大量專利侵權訴訟,前後共計使用11項專利來發起236件侵權訴訟(參見表四整理)。依據前述行為模式來觀察,應可推論Motile Optics應屬於空殼公司,其獲利模式為經由第三方委託或取得專利,並發起大量侵權訴訟,故應屬於典型之非專利實施實體(NPE)或專利流氓(Patent Troll)。

本案觀察點:

  • 觀察本案訴狀內容,Motile Optics公司並未將專利權人Olivetti S.p.A列為共同原告,故若其並未實質取得專利,則發起本次訴訟之適格性仍有爭議。

本案系爭’223專利請求項1內容所述權利範圍過大,舉凡任何裝設有中央處理器、記憶體及光碟機之電子裝置或電腦,皆符合其所主張範圍,故專利發明構想之新穎性亦可能受到考驗,為某先前技術文獻揭露而受占先或顯而易知之可能性頗高。(2500字;表4)

表一、系爭專利資訊

專利名稱  Electronic computer having a magneto-optic unit
公告號  US 6,047,223 A1
申請號  US 08/973,165
申請日  1996/5/17
優先權日  1995/5/29
獲證日  2000/4/4
發明人  Gabriele Sartori
現專利權人  Olivetti S.p.A
代表圖示    
Source:科技政策研究與資訊中心—科技產業資訊室整理,2015/12 表二、專利訴訟案件基本資料
Motile Optics公司發起訴訟整理(系爭專利皆為’223專利)
案件名稱 案號 提告時間 法院 被告
Motile Optics, LLC v. SAVV Entertainment Systems, Inc. 6:15-cv-01118 2015/11/30 E. Texas D Court SAVV Entertainment Systems, Inc. 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Concept Enterprises 6:15-cv-01119 2015/11/30 E. Texas D Court Concept Enterprises 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Pyle Audio 6:15-cv-01047 2015/11/25 E. Texas D Court Pyle Audio 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Philips Electronics North America Corporation 6:15-cv-01048 2015/11/25 E. Texas D Court Philips Electronics North America, Corp.
Motile Optics, LLC v. Sony Corporation of America 6:15-cv-01049 2015/11/25 E. Texas D Court Sony Corporation Of America 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Voxx Electronics Corporation 6:15-cv-01050 2015/11/25 E. Texas D Court VOXX Electronics Corporation; ASA Electronics, LLC 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Absolute USA, Inc. 6:15-cv-01051 2015/11/25 E. Texas D Court Absolute USA, Inc 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Naxa Electronics, Inc. 6:15-cv-01052 2015/11/25 E. Texas D Court Naxa Electronics, Inc.
Motile Optics, LLC v. Azend Group Corp. 6:15-cv-01053 2015/11/25 E. Texas D Court Azend Group, Corp.
Motile Optics, LLC v. Sound Storm Laboratories, LLC 6:15-cv-01054 2015/11/25 E. Texas D Court Sound Storm Laboratorie,s LLC 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Toshiba American Information Services, Inc. 6:15-cv-01055 2015/11/25 E. Texas D Court Toshiba America Information Systems, Inc.
Motile Optics, LLC v. Pioneer Electronics (USA), Inc., 6:15-cv-01056 2015/11/25 E. Texas D Court Pioneer Electronics (USA), Inc.
Motile Optics, LLC v. Alpine Electronics of America, Inc. 6:15-cv-01057 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Alpine Electronics of America, Inc.
Motile Optics, LLC v. Boss Audio Systems,Inc. 6:15-cv-01058 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Boss Audio Systems 
Motile Optics, LLC v. SPL Audio Company, Inc. 6:15-cv-01059 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court SPL Audio Company, Inc.
Motile Optics, LLC v. ASA Electronics LLC dba Jensen Voyager 6:15-cv-01060 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court VOXX Electronics Corporation; ASA Electronics LLC 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Clarion Corporation of America 6:15-cv-01061 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Clarion Corporation of America 
Motile Optics, LLC v. LG Electronics U.S.A., Inc. 6:15-cv-01062 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court LG Electronics USA Inc.
Motile Optics, LLC v. Shagal Limited, dba Ematic 6:15-cv-01063 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Shagal Ltd. 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Denon Electronics (USA), LLC 6:15-cv-01064 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Marantz America Inc.; Denon Electronics (USA) LLC 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Marantz America, LLC 6:15-cv-01065 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Marantz America Inc.; Denon Electronics (USA) LLC 
Motile Optics, LLC v. JVCKENWOOD USA Corporation 6:15-cv-01066 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Jvckenwood USA Corp.
Motile Optics, LLC v. Onkyo U.S.A. Corporation 6:15-cv-01068 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Onkyo USA Corp. 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Yamaha Corporation of America 6:15-cv-01069 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Yamaha Corporation Of America 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Samsung Electronics America, Inc. 6:15-cv-01071 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Samsung Electronics America 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Craig Electronics, Inc. 6:15-cv-01072 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Craig Electronics Inc.
Motile Optics, LLC v. Namsung America, Inc., dba/Dual Electronics Corp. 6:15-cv-01074 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Namsung America Inc.
Motile Optics, LLC v. Curtis International Ltd. 6:15-cv-01075 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Curtis International Ltd. 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Panasonic Corporation of North America 6:15-cv-01077 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Panasonic Corporation Of North America 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Coby Electronics (Owned by Gordon Brothers) 6:15-cv-01079 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Coby Electronics
Motile Optics, LLC v. ALCO Electronics, Ltd. 6:15-cv-01080 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Alco Electronics Ltd. 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Epsilon Electronics, Inc. 6:15-cv-01081 2015/11/27 E. Texas D Court Epsilon Electronics Inc. 
Motile Optics, LLC v. Luzerne Trading Company, Inc. 6:15-cv-01114 2015/11/30 E. Texas D Court Luzerne Trading Company, Inc. 
Source:科技政策研究與資訊中心—科技產業資訊室整理,2015/12

表三、各案被告之系爭產品型號
訴訟被告 案號 系爭產品
SAVV Entertainment Systems, Inc. 6:15-cv-01118 LM-98D, LM-T7070DVH - Headrest DVD Players, AVH-8080 Multimedia Player, LOH-T1080DVH, LOH-U1210DVD, LM-T9070DVH, AVH-7020 In-Dash Multimedia Player, LOH-U1010DVD - Overhead Systems and LM-78D
Concept Enterprises 6:15-cv-01119 CFD-135, CFD-135M, CFD-105, BSD-705 - Headrest Monitors, BSD-905, BSD-905M and CFD-105M - Flipdown Monitors
VOXX Electronics Corporation 6:15-cv-01050 AVDBR1 Slot load automotive Blu-ray player, DS2058 Portable DVD Player, AVXMTG10UA, AVXMTG9BA, AVXMTG9PA, AVXMTG9SA, AVXMTG13UHD Overhead DVD Players, AVXMTGHR1DA, AVXMTGHR1D, MMD7HRB, MMD7HRG - headrest monitor with built-in DVD player and AVXMTG13UA, AVXMTG10U, AVXMTG12U, MMD11A Overhead DVD Players
Pyle Audio 6:15-cv-01047 Headrest Video PL73DBK, PL73DGR, PL73DTN, PLD72GR, PLD76TN, PLD93BK, PLD93GR, PLTS78DUB, Portable DVD Players and Car Audio, Video
Philips Electronics North America Corporation 6:15-cv-01048 DVD Players DVP2800_F7, DVP2880_F7
Sony Corporation Of America 6:15-cv-01049 Portable DVD Player and Blu-Ray Disc Players D-VE7000S, D-VM1, DVP-FX1, DVP-FX1021, DVP-FX700, DVPFX701, DVP-FX705, DVP-FX730, DVP-FX74, DVP-FX750, DVP-FX780, DVPFX810, DVP-FX811K, DVP-FX820, DVP-FX921, DVP-FX921K, DVP-FX930, DVP-FX94, DVP-FX950, DVP-FX96, DVP-FX97, DVP-FX970, DVP-FX980, DVP-PQ1, DVP-PQ1S, DVP-PQ2, DVP-SR510H, BDPS6500, BDP-S5500, BDP-S3500, BDP-S1500, BDP-S7200
Absolute USA Inc 6:15-cv-01051 AVH-1100ABT, AVH-1100BT, AVH-9000NAV, AVH-9000ABW, AVH-9000ABR, AVH-9000BT, AVH-9000AT, AVH-9000, AVH-5100BT, AVH-5100T, AVH-5100, AVH-4200BT, AVH-4100BT, AVH-4000T, AVH- 4000, DMR-760NAV, DMR-760BT, DMR-710BT, DMR-710T, DMR-710, DMR-780ABT, DMR-780BT, DMR-780AT, DMR-780, DMR-700ABT, DMR- 700BT, DMR-700AT, DMR-700, DMR-510BT, ATV-50, DMR-480ABT, DMR- 480BT, DMR-480AT, DMR-480, DMR-475ABT, DMR-475BT, DMR-475AT, DMR-475, DMR-470BT, DMR-420T, DMR-410T, DMR-400, DMR-395AT, DMR-395, DMR-380T, DMR-380, DMR-360, DMR-455TPKG, DMR-390TPKG, DEH-6400PKG Multimedia Player
Naxa Electronics Incorporated 6:15-cv-01052 NPD-703, NPD-952, NPD-1003, NPD-704, NDL-252, NDL-254, NDL-255, NDL-256, NDL-257 Portable DVD Players
Azend Group Corporation 6:15-cv-01053 ED8850B, ED8890A, MDP701, MDP919, MDP1008, BDP-M1061 Portable DVD/Blu-Ray Players
Sound Storm Laboratories LLC 6:15-cv-01054 S13.3C3, S11.2CBL, S9CBL - Flip-Down DVD Player, SH7CM, SHR73M - Headrest DVD Player and DD889B, DD888, DD662B, DD660, SD10.1B, SD10.1USA, SD726MB, SD724M, SD730M, SD714B, SD710, SD322B, SD320, SD722MBI, SD720MI, DD882BI, DD880I - In-Dash DVD Players
Toshiba America Information Systems Incorporated 6:15-cv-01055 Portable DVD Players SD-P1700, SD-P91S, SD-KP19, SDP74S, SDP75S, SDP95S, SD-P1400, SD-P2900, TXDK3000S, SD-P1200, SD-P1600, SD-P71S, SD-P710SW, SDP710SP, SD-P2700, SD-P1750, SD-P710SG
Pioneer Electronics (USA) Incorporated 6:15-cv-01056 Portable DVD Players AVH-X7800BT, AVH-X6800DVD, AVH-X5800BHS, AVH-X4800BS, AVH-X3800BHS, AVH-X2800BS, AVH-280BT, AVH-X1800S, AVH-180DVD, AVH-X7700BT, AVH-X6700DVD, AVH-X5700BHS, AVH-X4700BS, AVH- 4100NEX, AVH-X3700BHS, AVH-X2700BS, AVH-X1700S, AVH-270BT, AVH-170DVD
SPL Audio Company, Inc. 6:15-cv-01059 DM-9000CM DVD Entertainment System and SD-710, SID-8902 - Source Units
ASA Electronics LLC 6:15-cv-01060 DVDB01, DVDB01M - DVD Players
Clarion Corporation of America 6:15-cv-01061 NX605, NX405, NZ503, VX405, VZ401 – DVD Multimedia Station
LG Electronics USA Incorporated 6:15-cv-01062 DP132 - DVD Player and BP255, BP350, BP550, BP50NB40, BP540, BPM53, BP730, BPM54, - Blu-Ray Player
Shagal Limited 6:15-cv-01063 ED929D, ED909, ED717, EPD105, EPD133 Portable DVD Players
Denon Electronics (USA) LLC 6:15-cv-01064 DBT-1713UD, DBT-3313UDCI Video Players
Panasonic Corporation Of North America 6:15-cv-01077 DVD-S500, DMP-BDT270M – DVD, DMPBDT271, DMP-BDT460, DVD-LS92 Portable DVD Player, DMP-BD93, Blu-Ray Players, DVD-S700 and DMR-EH59GA-K - Multi-Zone DVD Recorder
Coby Electronics (Owned by Gordon Brothers) 6:15-cv-01079 TF-DVD7307, TF-DVD7009, Tf-DVD7752, TF-DVD1023 - Portable DVD Player
Alco Electronics Limited 6:15-cv-01080 DRC79982, DRC98101S, DRC6272E22, DRC69705, DRC99392E, DPDM95R, DPDM90R, DRC96100, DRC6272, DRC99371EB, DRC6368, DRC99373E, DRC96100, DRC6331R, DRC69707, DRC79981E, DRC6338, DRC630N, DRC6309, DRC97873i, DRC99380U – Portable DVD Players
Epsilon Electronics Incorporated 6:15-cv-01081 Precision Power: PVI.265Bi, MD-1150CMM, 1020X, HDVD-71HD, 9, 91CC, 71CC, PVI.170Bi, HRD-91CC, 920CM, PADVD-390 DVD Player, MD-1430X, 1210CMX, 1120CMX, PHAD-7 - Universal Headrest Mount DVD Players, PMD-143H, 112CMX, 104X, 102X - Ceiling Mount DVD System, HRD, PVI.134B - Source Units, Farenheit: MD-1560CMM, CM-103D, 900CM – Ceiling DVD Players, PVI.134 and HRD-9
Luzerne Trading Company, Inc. 6:15-cv-01114 DVP775B-2, DVP-1016R, DVP915K, DVP916PU, DVP916W, DVP-1016K, DVP774K, DVP775R, DVP916B, DVP915B, DVP775K-2, DVP775P, DVP774R, DVP916P, DVP774B, DVP-1016B, DVP915W, DVP774L and DVP916K
Source:科技政策研究與資訊中心—科技產業資訊室整理,2015/12 

表四、Nicolas J. Labbit成立空殼公司所發起侵權訴訟統計
Nicolas J. Labbit成立之空殼公司 空殼公司設立時間 發起專利侵權訴訟件數量 訴訟發起時間 系爭專利 審理法院 被告數量
Motile Optics, LLC 2015/9/21 33件 2015/11/25 2015/11/27 2015/11/30 US 6,047,223 E. Texas D Court 31
Urgensync, LLC 2015/2/12 33件 2015/4/15 2015/4/17 US 8,295,802 E. Texas D Court 34
Kinetic Trac, LLC 2015/9/23 11件 2015/11/24 US 8,690,210 E. Texas D Court 12
Ectolink, LLC 2015/3/16 25件 2015/8/14 US 5,826,245 E. Texas D Court 25
Cryptopeak Solutions, LLC 2015/3/4 66件 2015/7/17 2015/11/9 2015/11/20 2015/11/25 US 6,202,150 E. Texas D Court 67
Broadqast Solutions, LLC 2015/3/20 22件 2015/6/23 US 8,065,594 US 8,649,429 US 8,290,035 E. Texas D Court 22
Verifire Network Solutions, LLC 2015/2/18 18件 2015/6/3 US 8,463,727 E. Texas D Court 19
Frequency Systems, LLC 2015/3/3 26件 2015/5/8 US 8,417,205 E. Texas D Court 26
Power Regeneration, LLC 2015/2/4 2件 2015/4/6 US 7,085,123 E. Texas D Court 2
Source:科技政策研究與資訊中心—科技產業資訊室整理,2015/12
 
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